<%@include file="menu.html" %>

Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. For assistance in exploring this site, please click here.

If you have feedback regarding this entry please fill out our feedback form.


The Manitoba Act of 1870 provided a land grant of 1.4 million acres for distribution among the Métis in exchange for extinguishing their indigenous title to the land. Dollar-valued land certificates known as scrip entitled the bearer to receive government-surveyed homestead lands at a later date. Although scrip allowed individual claimants to choose any western lands open for settlement, it initiated the widespread dispersal of the Métis from Manitoba. An estimated two-thirds of the province's 10,000 persons of mixed decent in 1870 departed over the next twenty years. Most Métis headed west and settled near the Catholic mission settlements around Fort Edmonton and the South Saskatchewan River.

Holden Stoffel

Print Entry

Further Reading

Flanagan, Thomas. 1991. Métis Lands in Manitoba. Calgary: University of Calgary Press; Sprague, D.N. 1988. Canada and the Métis, 1869-1885. Waterloo, ON: Wilfred Laurier University Press.
This web site was produced with financial assistance
provided by Western Economic Diversification Canada and the Government of Saskatchewan.
University of Regina Government of Canada Government of Saskatchewan Canadian Plains Research Center
Ce site Web a été conçu grâce à l'aide financière de
Diversification de l'économie de l'Ouest Canada et le gouvernement de la Saskatchewan.